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IBM Centennial Colloquium & IBM Collaborative Academia Research Exchange (I-CARE) 2011

October 13, 2011 New Delhi

09:00 a.m. – 09:20 a.m.

Inaugural Address by
Shri N. Ravi Shanker
Additional Secretary, DIT, Ministry of Communications & Information Technology, Govt. of India
09:20 a.m. – 10:00 a.m.

Keynote Talk
Speaker:
Topic:
 
 
 
Prof. Bhaskar Ramamurthy, Director, IIT Madras
Sustainable Nation, Smarter Nation
Abstract: As the Indian economy expands and Indians aspire to inclusive growth, long-term sustainability becomes an overarching concern. In every sector of the economy, be it agriculture, housing, urban transportation, telecommmunications, water supply, or energy, the search is on for technologies and policies that will provide the necessary solutions. In this talk, we will argue that smart technologies, which leverage ubiquitous and timely flow of relevant information, must be developed not only for realising the large scale needed at an affordable cost, but also for ensuring sustainability. Example will be discussed from several sectors of the economy that impinge on our daily life.
Speaker Bio: Prof. Bhaskar Ramamurthi got his B.Tech in Electronics from IIT Madras in 1980, and his M.S. and Ph.D is Electrical Engineering from the University of California at Santa Barbara, in 1982 and 1985 respectively. After working at AT&T Bell Laboratories for a couple of years, he joined the faculty of IIT Madras, his alma mater, in 1986. He took over as Director, IIT Madras in September 2011.
His areas of specialisation are Wireless Communications and Signal Processing. His research work is in Wireless Networks, Modulation, Wireless Data, and Audio and Video Compression. He is a founding member of the TeNeT group of IIT Madras, active in developing telecom and networking technologies, and incubating companies to develop and market products based on these.
He is currently also honorary Director of the Centre of Excellence in Wireless Technology, a public-private initiative at the IIT-M Research Park to make India a wireless technology leader.
He is a Fellow of the Indian National Academy of Engineering. He was awarded the Vasvik Award for Electronic Sciences and Technology for the year 2000, and the Tamil Nadu Scientist Award for Engineering and Technology for the year 2003.
Track –I
Track Chairs:
Speakers:
Smarter Cities
Prof. Amarjeet Singh, IIIT Delhi & Dr. Ullas Nambiar, IBM Research
Prof. Dinesh Mohan, Dhamodaran Ramakrishnan, Prof. Prabodh Bajpai
Talk – I 12:00 p.m. – 12:45 p.m.
Title:
Abstract:
Sustainable transport and climate change
There has been a great deal of discussion in recent years on policies that will help us reduce personal transport use. The most common solutions proposed are: (a) High density cities with a very dense core, (b) land use planning promoting mixed use, (c) short trip distances, and, (d) transit oriented development. Indian cities already incorporate the first three options except the existence of dense central business districts. However, a purely technical approach to transit oriented development (actually implying high-speed grade separated rail systems) has also been a target of criticism by many researchers. The consensus that seems to be emerging among this group of scholars is that fixed line grade-separated systems are far too expensive, not cost-effective, do not attract enough passengers, are not very friendly to desirable urban forms, and encourage sprawl by allowing fast transport over long distances. Findings suggest that home-based job proximity has a strong relationship with average community commuting time. Current urban policy, which relies predominantly on ambitious and expensive programmes of transport infrastructure provision, must be rethought. Improving the jobs-housing balance along with mix of all income groups may be a better alternative to reducing overall commuting needs. Other research shows that high speed systems will further encourage sprawl and greater energy consumption, and hence, public transit, even if the commercial speed is rather low, is probably the only way to improve urban accessibility and urban attractiveness in a sustainable way. This leaves us in a very comfortable situation to move our policies in directions which support relatively dense cities within cities, with small neighborhoods, and dense networks of medium capacity surface public transport systems. But, none of this will succeed if the safety of pedestrians and bicyclists is not assured. Therefore, traffic safety for non-motorized road users is an essential (not sufficient) condition for carbon control. All this will have to be complemented with very flexible, efficient, and low cost smart taxi systems.
Speaker’s Bio: Dinesh Mohan is Volvo Professor Emeritus for Biomechanics and Transportation Safety at the Transportation Research and Injury Prevention Programme, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. He has co-authored end edited four books on safety. He is the recipient of: Distinguished Alumnus Award of Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, the American Public Health Association International Distinguished Career Award, the Bertil Aldman Award of the International Council on Biomechanics of Impacts, the Association for Advancement of Automotive Medicine’s Award of Merit and the International Association for Accident & Traffic Medicine’s International Award and Medal for outstanding achievement in traffic safety
Talk II 12:45 p.m. – 01:30 p.m.
Title:
Abstract:
Smarter Cities in India
To spur sustainable growth, cities are looking for new ways to improve and transform city performance. But a combination of excess complexity and limited planning tools can make it difficult to identify and prioritize initiatives. Smarter Cities are cities that drive sustainable growth by leveraging information to make for optimized decisions, anticipating problems to resolve them pro-actively and coordinating resources to operate effectively - all on a single dashboard, when it comes to City Strategy & Administration, Transportation, Energy & Water, Public Safety, Education & Healthcare. In India, the infrastructure challenges are profound, also the awareness of IT tools for Smarter Cities' Management is low, this makes the adaption of Smarter tools for the management of cities even slower.
A strategic information framework designed to help cities identify initiatives and prioritize areas for improvement, comprised of two assets, the City Ecosystem Model and Component Business Modeling (CBM) Tool. Unlike competitor offerings, our solution provides a holistic and end-to-end view of the city ecosystem, offering a sound basis for analyzing a wide range of business scenarios that help enhance the city’s competitiveness through defined strategy and resources.
Speaker’s Bio: Dhamodaran currently is the Director, Smarter Planet Solutions, India/South Asia Region, IBM India Private Limited. In this role, he is responsible for IBM’s Smarter Planet initiatives and implements IBM’s Smarter Planet strategy. He is responsible for the revenue from Smarter Planet Solutions in ISA Region
Dhamodaran, have spent a major part of his career spanning over 24years in the IT industry in various roles at IBM.
He is with IBM India for over 12 years and contributed significantly to its domestic business in India/South Asia Region. His last assignment in IBM was Director & Business Unit Head for IBM Software Group, in which he grew IBM SW product business from 40 people to 325 people organization and grew business over 250% in 4 years time. Prior this role, he was responsible to for Small & Medium Business in India/South Asia Region, which contributed significantly to IBM India’s domestic revenue.
He was most recently, Senior Vice President, Solutions Sales, Emerging Markets in MphasiS Limited, (an HP company) with responsibility for growing the IT Services business across Asia Pacific and Japan.
Prior to this, he was Director, Channels & Commercial Strategy for Cisco Systems where he was responsible for developing strategy and growing business through Channels and leading strategy for their commercial business.
In early part of his career, Dhamodaran has served in MMTC Delhi, IDM Limited and Fujitsu ICIM in various sales leadership roles.
Dhamodaran holds BE (Mech.) degree from University of Madras (GCT, Coimbatore), and PGDM from IIM-Bangalore in 1987.
Talk III 02:15 p.m. – 03:00 p.m.
Title:
Abstract:
Renewable Energy Systems to Abet Sustainable Development
The rapid Industrialization over the past three decades resulting from the globalization and inventions in new technologies, increased household energy consumption of the urban population have resulted in the unprecedented increase in the demand for the energy. This has also led to the huge supply-demand gap in the power sector. The scarcity of conventional energy resources, rise in the fuel prices due to increased demand and harmful emissions resulting from the burning of fossil fuels have made power generation from conventional energy sources unsustainable and unviable. It is envisaged that this demand-supply gap will continue to rise exponentially unless it is met by some other means of power generation. Inaccessibility of the grid power to the remote places and the lack of rural electrification, also have prompted for alternative sources of energy. Hence it has become imperative for the power and energy engineers to look out for the sustainable, cost-effective and greener energy technologies. The renewable energy resources like wind, sun, water, sea and biomass have become better alternatives for conventional energy resources. However, the non-availability of these renewable energy resources all the time throughout the year has led to the research in the area of Renewable Hybrid energy.
With expected reduction in the component cost and gain in the system performance, attention towards renewable energy alternatives for electric power generation in stand-alone applications is gaining momentum all over the world. Solar Photo Voltaic (SPV) and Wind Turbine Generators (WTG) technologies are the forerunners amongst various types of renewable sources. However, they have a major drawback of inability to guarantee reliable, uninterrupted output at costs that can be comparable to conventional power generation. Therefore, a number of off-grid hybrid systems have been installed and tested in the past few decades. The results in literature clearly show that, renewable energy based stand-alone hybrid energy systems can compete with power from the grid in remote locations. Solar radiation is the earth’s most abundant energy source. The SPV suitability for decentralized applications and its environment-friendly nature make it an attractive option for the telecommunication network in rural areas.
Speaker’s Bio: Prabodh Bajpai received the B.E. degree in Electrical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee, India, in 1997, the M.Tech degree in Energy Studies from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi, India in 2001 and the Ph. D. degree in Electrical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur, India in 2008. He worked in Electrical Engineering Department of Hercourt Butler Technological Institute, Kanpur as a Lecturer from 2001 to 2002. He has also worked on a research project under Sr. Research Fellowship program initiated by Power Management Institute, NTPC Ltd. from 2004 to 2005. Presently, he is Assistant Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India since 2008. His research interests include power system restructuring, renewable energy systems, electricity economics and Solar PV applications.
Track – II
Track Chairs:
Speakers:
Services for Emerging Countries
Prof, Amit Agrahari, IIM Lucknow & Dr. Ashish Verma, IBM Research
Dr. Vishnukant S Chatpalli, Dr. Ravi Kothari, Prof. Sourav Mukherji
Talk – I 12:00 p.m. – 12:45 p.m.
Title:
Abstract:
Innovation Services: Enhancing Employability & Employment
The challenge to fight the increasing unemployment leads to an issue called employability. In India 57% of youth suffer from the misfortune of unemployability while only 8% managed to get employed. However, the skill deficit suffer by 53% of employed youth, as well, which leads to lateral unemployment. This skill deficit creates opportunities for half of them getting self-employed.
Today the employability projects are more commercial and less responsible socially, with Govt. of Karnataka’s Vocational Training & Skill Development Corporation ( KVTSDC) owning responsibility and taking initiative.
Current scenario in the State is to bring in innovation to improve skills of the youth, since “Employability is a bigger issue than Employment”.
The said corporation focuses on employability in different forms by imparting Vocational Training. A few initiatives are as follows:
These said projects are on Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) model to develop Innovative Assessment of skill-gap, Counselling, Training and Employment.
The employment issue thus starts non-form jobs and create skills, in private sector where expectations are higher while payment are pretty low. The Government realized this and addressed the employment issues significantly by jobseekers to approach private companies, with no commercial interests but only with intent to provide opportunities to the needy.
Karnataka has developed innovative models to outreach the unemployed through Job Fairs, Help Lines, Web Portals, Human Resource Development Centers, Central Placement Cell and Karnataka Employment Centre
These innovative services of KVTSDC have enhanced the confidence of employer and employees in particular, and society at large. The interface of people management and technology has rapidly and efficiently helped in closing the employment loop. More than 5 lakhs of unemployed youth in the State have been benefitted by these innovative services of the Government, by increasing their employability and employment. Speaker’s Bio: Dr. Vishnukant S Chatpalli is the Executive Director of Karnataka Vocational Training & Skill Development Corporation (KVTSDC), a Government of Karnataka initiative under the Ministry of Labor and Employment & Training, to bridge the gap between skill demand and supply in the State.
Prior to this, he was working as a Professor in Mechanical Engineering and Dean – Community Development Programme (CDP), with twenty five years experience in teaching, design and consultancy services.
Some of the offices-of-importance held by Dr. Chatpalli are:
A visionary, Dr. Chatpalli, has persuaded new areas of interests, acquiring state-of-the-art-technical-skills, while delivering cost effective qualitative solutions. Innovative, self- motivated and adept at Project Management, Dr. Chatpalli is credited with the development of new product line in alternate building materials and cost-effective technology for the rural housing projects.
He has profound experience in teaching industry, administration and consultancy. His interests are diversified such as nanotechnology, Process Design, IPR, Disability Management and Community Services. He has trained HR in Shop floor, middle management of industry and policy makers.
He is associated with various educational and social organizations, while immensely contributing to the organizational development, team building and community development services.
Talk – II 12:45 p.m. – 01:30 p.m.
Title:
Abstract:
The Top 10 (Likely) Influencers of Computing Advances in the Coming Decade
In this talk we outline "The Top 10 (Likely) Influencers of Computing Advances in the Coming Decade". The exercise is of course fraught with danger - the danger of being so far off target so as to be embarrassing in retrospect. To somewhat minimize the odds of that, our approach is based on the premise that mismatches between two opposing drivers are often the basis of advances. Based on that premise, we outline some opposing drivers and derive a (hopefully somewhat accurate) list of the most likely influencers of computing advances.
Speaker’s Bio: Ravi Kothari is the Associate Director of IBM Research -- India and the IBM Chief Architect of the Bharti Account. Prior to joining IBM Research, he was a tenured Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University Of Cincinnati (USA) and the Director of the Artificial Neural Systems Lab. there. Ravi is an IBM Distinguished Engineer and a member of the IBM Academy of Technology.
Talk - III 02:15 p.m. – 03:00 p.m.
Title:
Abstract:
Leveraging Technology for Social Change
Despite India's rapid economic progress during the past decade, approximately 500 million Indians live in poverty, often eking out a living under Rs. 20 / day. An important reason for such social inequity is market failures, which prevent benefits of liberalization from having the expected trickle-down effect. Information technology has the potential to correct such market failures by reducing transaction costs and by enabling organizations to provide critical services to consumers who are dispersed and have low paying capacity. In my talk, I describe case studies of entrepreneurial initiatives that are leveraging the power of information technology to address life and livelihood needs of the poor such as providing healthcare services and making efficient the marketplace for employment. It becomes apparent from these case studies that understanding the social context of the poor, which is very different from the traditional users of information technology, is critical for these services to make a positive impact. Services that deliver inclusivity in emerging countries provide an ideal platform for information technology companies to 'do well while doing good'.
Speaker’s Bio: Sourav Mukherji is an Associate Professor at the Indian Institute of Management Bangalore. He teaches post graduate and doctoral level courses on Organization Design, Inclusive Business Models, Strategy Process and Organization Learning. Sourav did his Bachelors in Technology from IIT Kharagpur (1993) and obtained his doctorate from IIM Bangalore (2002). After completing his engineering, Sourav had worked with information technology firms such as IBM and Oracle in various product management functions (1993-1998). Prior to joining IIM Bangalore as a faculty member, Sourav worked for the Boston Consulting Group as a strategy consultant (2002-2003). Sourav has published papers based on his research on global competitiveness of Indian organizations, especially from the information technology industry. Today his research focus is on inclusive business models – businesses that address the needs of the poor in a financially sustainable manner. In this domain, he has authored and published several case studies, two of which have now been published at the Harvard Business Publishing case website for Educators. Sourav has also been an invited speaker at several national and international conferences, notably as a keynote speaker at the “Impact at the Base of the Pyramid” conference at Delf, Netherlands (2009) and international conference on “Combating Poverty in a Market Driven World” in Mumbai (2011).
Sourav was awarded Infosys Fellowship in 2000, University of New South Wales Fellowship in 2007, UNDP Fellowship in 2008 and IBM Faculty Award in 2009 in recognition for his research. At IIM Bangalore, Sourav has held several leadership positions such as Chairperson Placements (2006-2009), Chairperson of IIMB Task Force for EQUIS Accreditation (2009-10) and has been a member of several high level commutes such as IIMB Branding Committee, Executive MBA Design Committee, MBA Curriculum Review Committee and IIMB Faculty Committee on Governance. Sourav has also consulted with several organizations from the private, public and social sector, advising them on issues pertaining to organization strategy, structure and portfolio management and has recently been offered the position of a Director at S3IDF, a social venture funding organization.
Track –III
Track Chairs:
Speakers:
Programming Languages & Software Engineering
Prof. Ansuman Banerjee, ISI Kolkata & Dr. Diptikalyan Saha, IBM Research
Prof. Supratik Chakraborty, Dr. Satish Chandra, Prof. Rajib Mall
Talk – I 12:00 p.m. – 12:45 p.m.
Title:
Abstract:
Program Verification and Analysis using Abstract Interpretation and Constraint Solving
Despite significant advances over the past few decades, automatically verifying properties of real-life programs continues to be a largely open scientific challenge, that has attracted the attention of some of the brightest minds, both from the industry and academia. While program verification is undecidable in its full generality, there is hope that real-life programs have enough "structure" and "domain information" available to permit the development of sophisticated "almost automatic" verification tools. Among the various paradigms that have emerged promising in this ongoing endeavor are those of abstract interpretation and constraint solving in specific first-order theories. These aren't mutually exclusive though, and there have been examples of success stories combining these paradigms in skilful ways. In this talk, I will start with a brief overview of these paradigms, discuss some basic mathematical machinery to understand the basics if each paradigm, and try to explain how program verification is addressed in each of these paradigms. I will restrict the discussion to sequential imperative programs to keep the discussion simple. Finally, I will present some examples of success stories in each of these paradigms, and conclude the talk with an overview of where research and development in these areas is headed.
Speaker’s Bio: Supratik Chakraborty is currently an Associate Professor of Computer Science and Engineering at IIT Bombay. His research interests include formal analysis and verification of both hardware and software systems, with emphasis on automatic techniques that achieve scale and precision in practice. He is also actively engaged in research in logic and automata theory. He holds a Ph.D. from Stanford University.
Talk – II 12:45 p.m. – 01:30 p.m.
Title:
Abstract:
Symbolic Fault Localization
Debugging computer programs has always taken time and trouble. Humans are no faster at debugging that they used to be. Meanwhile, however, computers have become a lot more powerful, and it has become a lot more feasible to hand them complex logical formulae to crunch on. A natural question to ask is whether this capability can be harnessed to help debug computer programs? In this talk, I'll discuss the state of the art in this area.
Speaker’s Bio: Satish Chandra obtained a PhD from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1997, and a B.Tech from the Indian Institute of Technology-Kanpur in 1991, both in computer science. From 1997 to 2002, he was a member of technical staff at Bell Laboratories, where his research focused on program analysis, domain-specific languages, and data-communication protocols. In September 2002, he joined IBM Research. His current work involves bug finding and verification tools, symbolic analysis, and synthesis of programs.
Talk – III 02:15 p.m. – 03:00 p.m.
Title:
Abstract:
Model-Based Testing
The talk would start with a briefly review of various activities in software testing and a highlight of the main challenges that are being faced by the testing community. We would identify the problems of achieving thorough testing, developing effective testing strategies for emerging programming paradigms and the progressively increasing effort that is being demanded in carrying out acceptable testing quality as three most worrying factors. Test automation is a possible solution to these problems, but this approach is beset with many open issues. We would identify the specific open issues in automated testing that need to be addressed before these techniques can meaningfully address the tester’s concerns to a large extent. Next, we would next highlight why black-box and white-box test approaches are not entirely adequate to achieve thorough testing of modern software, and make a case for augmenting these with model-based testing. We would follow it up with a brief discussion on various kinds of models such as dependency models, flow models, state models, Petri net and Markov models etc. that are appropriate for specific types of testing activities. We would argue that that model-based testing is much easier to automate as compared to code-based or black-box testing approaches and we shall also identify the steps through which a model-based testing approach can be automated. We shall explain these with the help of a few examples. We would finally focus on applying model-based testing to two specific activities: regression test selection and test coverage analysis. We would briefly summarize a few of our research results in this area. To be able to contrast with the traditional black-box and code-based approaches, would first summarize the prevalent traditional techniques. Finally, we shall identify the shortcomings of a model-based approach that need to be addressed and also outline the future directions of model-based software testing.
Speaker’s Bio: RAJIB MALL is currently working as a Professor at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at IIT, Kharagpur. He has been with IIT, Kharagpur since in 1994. Prior to joining IIT, Kharagpur, he worked with Motorola India for about three years. Prof. Mall completed all his professional degrees: Ph.D., Master's, and Bachelor's degrees from the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. He has supervised more than a dozen Ph.D. works and has authored three text books. He has published more than 130 research papers in International refereed conferences and Journals. Prof. Mall has handled a number of research projects from the Government as well as private organizations. Prof. Mall conducts research mainly in the areas of program analysis and testing.
Track – IV
Track Chairs:
Speakers:
Next Generation Systems
Prof. Srinivas Aluru, IIT Bombay & Dr. Yogish Sabharwal, IBM Research
Dr. Tilak Agerwala, Prof. Subodh Kumar & Prof. Srinivas Aluru
Talk – I 12:00 p.m. – 12:45 p.m.
Title:
Abstract:
Disruptive Innovations in Computing
The 21st century presents us with the following defining challenge, whether we are individuals, institutions or governments: how we will achieve our desired outcomes in the context of the massively complex and interdependent world that we have built. While the last century has witnessed information technology shaping our world more profoundly than any other science or technology, we are at an inflection point today where massive instrumentation, seamless interconnection and ubiquitous computing capabilities have presented us with a unique opportunity to build a technology infused smarter planet. The presentation will illustrate four key transformational technologies, which will form the backbone of the envisioned planet – where we will be able to respond to changes quickly and accurately, and get better results by predicting and optimizing for future events. The presentation will conclude with a call for a new model of collaborative leadership to meet the technological and business challenges of the 21st century.
Speaker’s Bio: Tilak Agerwala is vice president, Systems at IBM Research. He is responsible for developing the next-generation systems hardware and software technologies for IBM's Blue Gene Supercomputers, mainframe and Unix computers, storage systems, and data center networking. Dr. Agerwala joined IBM at the T.J. Watson Research Center and has held executive positions at IBM in research, advanced development, development, marketing and business development. His research interests are in the area of high performance computer architectures and systems. Dr. Agerwala received the W.Wallace McDowell Award from the IEEE in 1998 for “outstanding contributions to the development of high performance computers.” He is a founding member of the IBM Academy of Technology. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. He received his B.Tech in electrical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India and his Ph.D in electrical engineering from the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.
Talk – II 12:45 p.m. – 01:30 p.m.
Title:
Abstract:
3D reconstruction and rendering of real scenes
In this talk we will describe techniques for rendering of real 3D scenes. This includes scanning and capture of real 3D scenes. We will discuss techniques to collect data, calibrate and register cameras and generation of 3D geometry. We will also describe algorithms for triangulation, texturing, parameterization and representation of these models. Finally, we will dwell on visibility computation algorithms and on fast rendering of scenes with guaranteed image quality.
Speaker’s Bio: Subodh Kumar is the Brigadier Bhopinder Singh chair associate professor of computer science and engineering at IIT Delhi. Before this he has been on the faculty of Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Kumar earned his undergraduate degree from IIT Delhi and his post graduate degrees from the university of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His research interests span computer graphics and hybrid multi-core computation. He has published extensively in these areas and has several best paper awards and patents to his name.
Talk – III 02:15 p.m. – 03:00 p.m.
Title:
Abstract:
The new era in genomics: Opportunities and challenges for next generation systems
The emergence of second generation and third generation sequencing technologies is revolutionizing biosciences research by enabling high-throughput sampling of genomes and transcriptomes. With these technologies, it is now possible to sequence over a billion DNA fragments in a single experiment. Rapid development of these technologies has created an enormous gulf between their potential and the development of computational and data archival methods to realize this potential. This talk will outline the computational challenges in exploiting high-throughput sequencing technology, and its potential applications.
Speaker’s Bio: Srinivas Aluru is the Mehl professor of Computer Engineering at Iowa State University and the Bajaj Group Chair professor of Computer Science and Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay. He conducts research in bioinformatics and systems biology, high performance computing, and applied algorithms. He pioneered the development of parallel methods in computational biology, and contributed to the sequencing and analysis of complex genomes. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

I-CARE 2011 events